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In Norway, they have two official forms of Norwegian: Bokmîl (Dano-Norwegian) and Nynorsk (New Norwegian). By law, these two forms have equal status.
Bokmîl is based on Old Norwegian and Old Danish. It was called Riksmîl (Standard Norwegian) until 1929.
Nynorsk was created in the 19th century on the basis of several Norwegian dialects spoken in the western parts of the country. Nynorsk was called landsmîl (Country Norwegian) prior to 1929.
Nowadays, Norwegian is the language that most closely resembles Swedish, in pronunciation, inflection, vocabulary, and syntax.
Norwegian, together with Icelandic and Faroese, belongs to the West Scandinavian branch of the North Germanic language group, which is a part of the Indo-European language family.